Linking the Magnificent St. Paul's Cathedral across the Thames to the Tate Modern is the remarkable Millennium Bridge.
The design was determined by an international design competition which was open to architects, artists and engineers from across the world. The bridge was to represent a colabraration between art, design and engineering to reflect London in the new millennium and also to symbolize the strengthening relationship between the financial community and the arts of the Southbank. The competition was won by sculptor Anthony Caro and engineers Ove Arup and company.
The bridge was completed in June 2000, though somewhat embarrassingly had to be closed again shortly afterward as the bridge swayed unnervingly in the wind. Dampeners were installed to counteract the wobble and the bridge was reopened in February 2002.
The bridge is one hundred and forty, four meters long and is supported by eight cables that are 120mm thick. When the bridge is fully loaded each cable takes a strain of over 2000 tones. Over the span of the whole bridge the cables only dip two meters!
The millennium bridge stands as a testimony to modern design and given the modern and striking design of the bridge, it is perhaps appropriate that the structure does link to the symbol of modern design, The Tate Modern. The Millennium Bridge takes visitors from the City to the South Bank Centre and to Bankside and also makes a walk to Waterloo Station within easy reach.