Trafalgar Square was built in honour of Lord Nelson after his victory at the battle of Trafalgar where he was killed in the battle with Napoleons army.
The square was built in the early nineteenth century to a design by the Prince Regents favourite architect, John Nash. The site had previously been a royal stable yard.
The most eye-catching sight in the square is Nelson's Column, the eighteen foot statue of Lord Nelson standing on top of the 171 foot column. Before the statue was installed, fourteen stone masons had dinner atop the column! At the Base of Nelson column is a frieze made from a cannon captured during the conflict and four bronze lions designed by Edwin Lanseer.
The fountains in Trafalgar square were added in 1939 and designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
The National Gallery is situated on the north of the square. To the west is Canada house and to the East, South Africa house. To the South of Trafalgar Square is Grand buildings, built originally as the Grand Hotel.
Dividing courtly London from Trafalgar Square is Admiralty Arch. This magnificent triple arched building was to be part of a procession route to honour Queen Victoria.Trafalgar Square is popular for rallies, public gatherings and is a popular location to celebrate New Years Eve.