In the early nineteenth century a crisis hit London- there were too few sites in which to bury those who died. Parliament authorised the creation of seven cemeteries in and around the City. Highgate Cemetery was opened in 1839. This main Cemetery became known as the West cemetery after the creation of the East cemetery in 1854.
The West cemetery was closed in 1975 after it was no longer financially viable- the newer East cemetery continued. Sadly many of the graves and memorials became overgrown and started to fall into disrepair. A group formed called the Friends of Highgate Cemetery to tackle the problem. Thanks to English Heritage and heavy campaigning the group was made solely responsible for the upkeep of Highgate Cemetery. The site is now the kempt and dignified resting place it was intended to be.
Celebrated artists and sculptors created individual sepulchres- Gilbert Scott used the mausoleum of Greek king Mausolus as the influence for the tomb of Julius Beer. Edward Jones created a piece called ‘Religion’- a seven foot marble female figure for the wife of Reverend Vaughn. The inventor of Cinematography, William Friese-Green died without any money- artist Lutyens paid tribute to him by creating a monument at Highgate and of course there is Karl Marx himself (in the new part) his own grave almost ironically, so much grander than those of his followers who wanted to be buried near to him.
Though there is a small charge to get into both cemetaries the old one in particular is one of the most amazing sites you will visit. As visitor numbers are so tightly controlled, there is an incrediably peaceful and beautiful atmosphere as you wander the small paths through the ancient trees and woodland, amongst sprawling ivy. The guides that take you around have wonderful stories and anecdotes to tell, not least when you come across the aztec features in the centre. This really is worth a visit.
Places to find some peace in London
Now home to the spirit of Karl Marx, it seems that the tranquil surroundings of Highgate cemetery have mellowed his soul somewhat, for he seems much less belligerent now he's made his home here. The same seems to be the case for most of its strictly limited visitors, with the old cemetery in particular being an oasis of woodland greenery and serenity. Paths lead through the dense, ancient trees and woodland, as your feet dodge the sprawling ivy and your ears hear nothing but birdsong... peaceful bliss.